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Breast Cancer | Types Symptoms and Causes & Diagnosis

Breast Cancer

One of the most prevalent malignancies impacting women globally is breast cancer. Early detection and understanding of its various aspects can significantly improve treatment outcomes. In this blog, we will explore the types, symptoms, causes, and diagnosis of breast cancer as explained by Dr. Gopal Sharma.

Types of Breast Cancer

Breast cancer can be classified into several types, each with its characteristics and treatment approaches. The main types include:

1. Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS)

When abnormal cells are discovered in the breast duct lining but have not moved beyond the duct, the condition is known as DCIS, a non-invasive breast cancer.

2. Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC)

The most prevalent kind of breast cancer is IDC. It begins in the breast ducts and then invades nearby tissues.

3. Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC)

ILC may spread to neighboring tissues after beginning in the lobules, or milk-producing glands.

4. Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

This is a type of breast cancer that lacks estrogen, progesterone, and HER2 receptors. It is more difficult to cure and more aggressive.

5. HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

The HER2 protein is overexpressed in HER2-positive breast cancer, which encourages the growth of cancer cells. It can be more aggressive but responds well to targeted therapies.

Symptoms of Breast Cancer

Recognizing the symptoms of breast cancer early can lead to prompt diagnosis and treatment. Common symptoms include:

  • A thickening or lump in the underarm or breast region.
  • Alteration in the breast’s dimensions, form, or appearance.
  • Puckering or dimpling of the breast skin.
  • Nipple discharge other than breast milk, possibly with blood.
  • Pain in the breast or nipple area.
  • Redness or flaky skin on the breast or nipple.

Causes of Breast Cancer

The exact cause of breast cancer is not fully understood, but several risk factors can increase the likelihood of developing it.

  • Genetic mutations: BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations significantly increase the risk.
  • Family history: A family history of breast or ovarian cancer can raise the risk.
  • Hormonal factors: Prolonged exposure to estrogen, such as early menstruation or late menopause, can contribute.
  • Lifestyle factors: Obesity, alcohol consumption, and a sedentary lifestyle are linked to a higher risk.
  • Age: The risk of breast cancer increases with age, particularly after 50.

Diagnosis of Breast Cancer

The following diagnostic tools and methods are commonly used.

1. Mammogram

An X-ray of the breast used to find anomalies is called a mammogram. It is one of the most effective screening tools for early breast cancer detection.

2. Ultrasound

Breast ultrasound uses sound waves to create images of the breast tissue. It assists in differentiating between cysts filled with fluid and solid masses.

3. MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides detailed images of the breast and is often used for high-risk patients or to further evaluate suspicious areas.

4. Biopsy

A biopsy involves taking a small sample of breast tissue for laboratory analysis. It is the definitive way to diagnose breast cancer and determine its type.

Treatment Options

The kind, stage, and individual characteristics all influence the course of treatment for breast cancer. It may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these treatments.

Breast Cancer Treatment in Delhi

For those seeking the Best Breast Cancer Treatment in Delhi, Dr. Gopal Sharma stands out as a top choice. With years of experience and expertise in treating various types of breast cancer, Dr. Sharma ensures that each patient receives the most effective and compassionate care possible. His approach involves using the latest advancements in medical technology and personalized treatment plans tailored to the specific needs of each patient. Patients benefit from a multidisciplinary approach that includes state-of-the-art surgical techniques, advanced radiation therapy, and targeted chemotherapy, all aimed at achieving the best possible outcomes.

Conclusion

Understanding the types, symptoms, causes, and diagnosis of breast cancer is vital for early detection and effective treatment. Regular screenings and being aware of changes in your breast health can make a significant difference. For those in Delhi and beyond, Dr. Gopal Sharma provides exceptional care, making him a top choice for the Best Breast Cancer Treatment in Delhi. Prioritize your health and consult with experts to ensure the best outcomes.

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